The vegetation of Ice Age Beringia was a mosaic of different plants. Today it is possible to learn about this vegetation by studying preserved pollen and the remains of the plants themselves.
The Bluefish caves are an archaeological site located in the northern Yukon, 50 kilometers southwest of Old Crow. The 3 caves, actually limestone shelters, occur at the base of a limestone bedrock ridge, along the mid-course of the Bluefish River, about 200m above the valley floor.
Mastodons were large elephant-like animals. They have been extinct for about 9,000 years. Their remains have been found all over North America.
It is dangerous to be with in 25 yards or less of Bull Moose who are in rut. You may hear sounds of the rut.
Birds from all over the world come to breed and nest here as in the circumpolar north. Birds such as the Long-tailed jaegers from the south Pacific, Northern Wheatears from Africa, Asiatic birds and Arctic warblers and Arctic Terns from as far south as Antarctica come here for three reasons.
The members of this family are all dog-like in appearance. They have 5 toes on the front feet (one toe is high) and 4 on the back feet.
The Snowshoe Hare (Lepus americanus) is a “keystone” species. A keystone species is one that has a disproportionate effect on its environment relative to its abundance and thereby affects many other organisms in an ecosystem determining the types and numbers of other species in a community.
Red squirrels (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus) are found in spruce forests over most of Alaska. They average 11 to 13 inches including the tail and are rusty in color.
The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is found throughout Alaska and inhabits the tundra but no in the abundance that they do in other areas.
Voles are mice that have fuzzy coats and short tails. They mainly live in and eat grass. They are differentiated from mice by their molars and enamel patterns.